Diwali which is commonly known as “Festival of Light” has come from a Sanskrit word which means a row of light. It is the most graceful festival of India celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement by the whole community of India. It is celebrated after eighteen days of Dusherra on in Amavasya. Oil lamps are burned in this night to remove the darkness and keep the evil far away. It is a festival of delight, joyfulness and brightness.

Dipawali which is the major festival of Hindus is maintained by placing diyas or lights all around the home, terrace, gardens and courtyards. Candles are used to celebrate this day in small cities but in big cities neon lights are used for decoration. Beautiful flowers and rangolies are used to decorate the entrance hall.
Diwali stays for five days along with five different philosophical backgrounds for each day. The first day of Diwali Festival is known as Dhan Theras which is celebrated on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik (October-November). This day is considered as New Year for all business in Hindu society. People think this day fortunate to buy ornaments of gold, silver, apparatus and apparel. Every markets and shopping place are decorated beautifully by using colorful flowers and lights.
The second day of five day long festival is known as “Choti Diwali”. It is believed by the South Indian that demon Naraksura was killed by Lord Krishna. This day falls on the fourteenth day of the month of Kartik. This day is sign up as the victory of goodness over the evil power. Choti Diwali is celebrated on a minor scale compared to Badi Diwali. People decorate their houses with light and burn crackers.

The third day is considered as the most significant day of Diwali festival. It falls on October-November (in the Hindu month of Kartik- fifteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha). It is frequently known as Badi Diwali. The Goddess of wealth “Laksmi” is worshiped in this day. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi visits every house and offers her blessing to her devotees. So people perform Lakshmi puja after sunset and keep their houses clean and decorative to welcome their Goddess.
The fourth day of this festival is celebrated with Govardhan Puja. This day marked as the first day of the bright fortnight or Shukla Paksh in the Hindu month of Kartik. In this day people worshiped their lord Govardhan Parvat. There is a belief that Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan Parvat in this day on his little finger to save the life of many people. People prepare a small hillcock in this day with cowdung as a replica of Govardhan Parvat and decorate it with flowers.

The five day long festival of Diwali ends with the festival of Bhai Dhooj which is celebrated with lots of affection between brother and sisters. Traditionally in this day sisters perform an arti for their brother and apply sacred red tilak on their brother’s forehead and pray for their long life. Brothers also promise to protect their sisters ever and after prayers they shared sweets and exchanged gifts among them.
Diwali- the precious festivals celebrated with great grandeur and excitement but the main reason behind the festival is to defeat of evil by goodness. The occasion is celebrated with great enthusiasm and people prepare various sweet dishes and visit to others. Decorating houses and exchanging gifts among loved one is the common feature of this festival. Its symbolize the beginning of Hindu New Year and the winter season.


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